AYA Cancers: Where We've Been

Compared to younger and older aged cancer populations, the adolescent and young adult (AYA) population between the ages of 15 and 39 years has seen little or no improvement in cancer survival rates for decades.

In 2006, a Progress Review Group (PRG) supported by the National Cancer Institute External Web Site Policy (NCI) and the Lance Armstrong Foundation External Web Site Policy (LAF) identified important factors that might contribute to the poorer outcomes for many AYA cancer patients, including:

  • Restricted or delayed access to care;
  • Delays in diagnosis; and
  • Inconsistency in cancer treatment and follow-up care.

Source: NCI

Latest Research

For reports and recent research about AYA cancers, visit the National Cancer Institute's Reports, Research and LIterature page.

Common Types of Cancers Affecting the Adolescent and Young Adult Population

Source: SEER, ages 15–39

See disease names below the graphs as they relate to the following:

*incudes testicular cancer
**includes breast, cervical, colon and less prevalent cancers
***includes malignant bone tumors and other less prevalent cancers

Why It Matters

Cancer is the leading cause of disease-related death in the AYA population.